Publications
The Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health is at the forefront of cutting-edge research that will dramatically change the future of medicine and patient care. Explore our publications and the research we are continually developing.

Explore Our Publications

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Reprogrammed Synovial Fluid-Derived Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells Acquire Enhanced Therapeutic Potential for Articular Cartilage Repair.
Walczak BE, Jiao H, Lee MS, Li WJ. Cartilage. 2021 Sep 1:19476035211040858. doi: 10.1177/19476035211040858. Online ahead of print.
PMID: 34467773.
Number of screws in the articular segment of distal humerus AO/OTA C-type fractures treated with open reduction internal fixation is associated with complication rate.
Grogan BF, Danford NC, Lopez CD, Maier SP 2nd, Kongmalai P, Kovacevic D, Levine WN, Jobin CM. SICOT J. 2021;7:25. doi: 10.1051/sicotj/2021006. Epub 2021 Apr 1. PMID: 33812466; PMCID: PMC8019548.
Evolution of tRNA gene rearrangement in the mitochondrial genome of ichneumonoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). 
Feng Z, Wu Y, Yang C, Gu X, Wilson JJ, Li H, Cai W, Yang H, Song F. Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Dec 1;164:540-547. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.07.149. Epub 2020 Jul 18. PMID: 32693134.
Consensus Definition of Sport Specialization in Youth Athletes Using a Delphi Approach.
Bell DR, Snedden T, Biese K, Nelson E, Watson A, McGuine T, Brooks MA, Brown R, Kliethermes SA. J Athl Train. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-0725.20. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33787895.
A Prospective Study of Concussions and Health Outcomes in High School Football Players. J Athl Train.
McGuine TA, Pfaller A, Hetzel S, Broglio SP, Hammer E. 2020 Oct 1;55(10):1013-1019. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-141-19.
PMID: 32946575; PMCID: PMC7594612.
Hip Arthroscopy Evolution and Causes of Failure.
Spiker AM. Arthroscopy. 2021 Mar 18:S0749-8063(21)00250-4. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2021.03.027. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33745935.
Effect of Intrawound Vancomycin Powder in Operatively Treated High-risk Tibia Fractures: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 
Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC), O’Toole RV, Joshi M, Carlini AR, Murray CK, Allen LE, Huang Y, Scharfstein DO, O’Hara NN, Gary JL, Bosse MJ, Castillo RC, Bishop JA, Weaver MJ, Firoozabadi R, Hsu JR, Karunakar MA, Seymour RB, Sims SH, Churchill C, Brennan ML, Gonzales G, Reilly RM, Zura RD, Howes CR, Mir HR, Wagstrom EA, Westberg J, Gaski GE, Kempton LB, Natoli RM, Sorkin AT, Virkus WW, Hill LC, Hymes RA, Holzman M, Malekzadeh AS, Schulman JE, Ramsey L, Cuff JAN, Haaser S, Osgood GM, Shafiq B, Laljani V, Lee OC, Krause PC, Rowe CJ, Hilliard CL, Morandi MM, Mullins A, Achor TS, Choo AM, Munz JW, Boutte SJ, Vallier HA, Breslin MA, Frisch HM, Kaufman AM, Large TM, LeCroy CM, Riggsbee C, Smith CS, Crickard CV, Phieffer LS, Sheridan E, Jones CB, Sietsema DL, Reid JS, Ringenbach K, Hayda R, Evans AR, Crisco MJ, Rivera JC, Osborn PM, Kimmel J, Stawicki SP, Nwachuku CO, Wojda TR, Rehman S, Donnelly JM, Caroom C, Jenkins MD, Boulton CL, Costales TG, LeBrun CT, Manson TT, Mascarenhas DC, Nascone JW, Pollak AN, Sciadini MF, Slobogean GP, Berger PZ, Connelly DW, Degani Y, Howe AL, Marinos DP, Montalvo RN, Reahl GB, Schoonover CD, Schroder LK, Vang S, Bergin PF, Graves ML, Russell GV, Spitler CA, Hydrick JM, Teague D, Ertl W, Hickerson LE, Moloney GB, Weinlein JC, Zelle BA, Agarwal A, Karia RA, Sathy AK, Au B, Maroto M, Sanders D, Higgins TF, Haller JM, Rothberg DL, Weiss DB, Yarboro SR, McVey ED, Lester-Ballard V, Goodspeed D, Lang GJ, Whiting PS, Siy AB, Obremskey WT, Jahangir AA, Attum B, Burgos EJ, Molina CS, Rodriguez-Buitrago A, Gajari V, Trochez KM, Halvorson JJ, Miller AN, Goodman JB, Holden MB, McAndrew CM, Gardner MJ, Ricci WM, Spraggs-Hughes A, Collins SC, Taylor TJ, Zadnik M. JAMA Surg. 2021 Mar 24:e207259. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2020.7259. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33760010.
PREVENTion of CLots in Orthopaedic Trauma (PREVENT CLOT): a randomised pragmatic trial protocol comparing aspirin versus low-molecular-weight heparin for blood clot prevention in orthopaedic trauma patients.
O’Toole RV, Stein DM, Frey KP, O’Hara NN, Scharfstein DO, Slobogean GP, Taylor TJ, Haac BE, Carlini AR, Manson TT, Sudini K, Mullins CD, Wegener ST, Firoozabadi R, Haut ER, Bosse MJ, Seymour RB, Holden MB, Gitajn IL, Goldhaber SZ, Eastman AL, Jurkovich GJ, Vallier HA, Gary JL, Kleweno CP, Cuschieri J, Marvel D, Castillo RC; METRC. BMJ Open. 2021 Mar 24;11(3):e041845. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041845.
PMID: 33762229.
Biese KM, Kliethermes SA, Watson AM, McGuine TA, Lang PJ, Bell DR, Alison Brooks M. Am J Sports Med. 2021 Mar 15:363546521997116. doi: 10.1177/0363546521997116. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33719583.
Keeping casts dry: A comparison of commercially available cast protectors using a mechanized short arm cast model.
Goldstein SD, Samtani RG, Lang PJ, Hetzel S, Halanski MA. Injury. 2021 Feb 19:S0020-1383(21)00159-5. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.02.056. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33712298.
Creation of a Custom-Length, Humeral Antibiotic Cement Spacer for Use in Treatment of Shoulder Periprosthetic Joint Infection.
Klosterman EL, Cotter EJ, Squire MW, Grogan BF. Arthrosc Tech. 2021 Jan 15;10(2):e481-e486. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2020.10.027.
PMID: 33680782.
Factors influencing management of bilateral femur fractures: A multicenter retrospective cohort of early versus delayed definitive Fixation.
Flagstad IR, Tatman LM, Albersheim M, Heare A, Parikh HR, Vang S, Westberg JR, de Chaffin DR, Schmidt T, Breslin M, Simske N, Siy AB, Lufrano RC, Rodriguez-Buitrago AF, Labrum JT, Shaw N, Only AJ, Nadeau J, Davis P, Steverson B, Lund EA, Connelly D, Atchison J, Mauffrey C, Hak DJ, Titter J, Feinstein S, Hahn J, Sagi C, Whiting PS, Mir HR, Schmidt AH, Wagstrom E, Obremskey WT, O’Toole RV, Vallier HA, Cunningham B. Injury. 2021 Mar 3:S0020-1383(21)00194-7. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.02.091. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33712297.
COVID-19 in Youth Soccer During Summer 2020.
Watson AM, Haraldsdottir K, Biese K, Goodavish L, Stevens B, McGuine T. J Athl Train. 2021 Mar 3. doi: 10.4085/610-20. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33657215.
Opportunistic use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to evaluate lumbar scoliosis.
Schell TL, Krueger D, Binkley N, Hetzel S, Bernatz JT, Anderson PA. Arch Osteoporos. 2021 Feb 23;16(1):38. doi: 10.1007/s11657-021-00898-6.
PMID: 33624177.
Opportunistic use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to evaluate lumbar scoliosis.
Schell TL, Krueger D, Binkley N, Hetzel S, Bernatz JT, Anderson PA. Arch Osteoporos. 2021 Feb 23;16(1):38. doi: 10.1007/s11657-021-00898-6. PMID: 33624177.
Defining a Research Agenda for Youth Sport Specialization in the United States: The AMSSM Youth Early Sport Specialization Summit.
Kliethermes SA, Marshall SW, LaBella CR, Watson AM, Brenner JS, Nagle KB, Jayanthi N, Brooks MA, Tenforde AS, Herman DC, DiFiori JP, Beutler AI. Clin J Sport Med. 2021 Feb 3. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000900. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33587486.
Defining a Research Agenda for Youth Sport Specialization in the United States: The AMSSM Youth Early Sport Specialization Summit.
Kliethermes SA, Marshall SW, LaBella CR, Watson AM, Brenner JS, Nagle KB, Jayanthi N, Brooks MA, Tenforde AS, Herman DC, DiFiori JP, Beutler AI. Clin J Sport Med. 2021 Feb 3. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000900. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33587486.
Osteoporosis: Recent Recommendations and Positions of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research and the International Society for Clinical Densitometry.
Anderson PA, Freedman BA, Brox WT, Shaffer WO. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2021 Feb 12. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.20.01248. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33587517.
Psychosocial Impacts of Sports-related Injuries in Adolescent Athletes.
Haraldsdottir K, Watson AM. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Feb 1;20(2):104-108. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000809.
PMID: 33560034.
Kliethermes SA, Marshall SW, LaBella CR, Watson AM, Brenner JS, Nagle KB, Jayanthi N, Brooks MA, Tenforde AS, Herman DC, DiFiori JP, Beutler AI.
Br J Sports Med. 2021 Feb;55(3):135-143. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102699.
PMID: 33462103
Biese KM, McGuine TA, Kliethermes SA, Bell DR, Post EG, Watson AM, Brooks MA, Lang PJ.
Phys Ther Sport. 2020 Sep;45:86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2020.06.005. Epub 2020 Jul 12.
PMID: 32717700
Factors Considered in Ranking Spine Surgery Fellowship Applicants: A Survey of Program Directors.
Bernatz JT, Johnson KP, Stokman JJ, Cannada LK, Williams SK, Whiting PS. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2021 Jan 8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003938. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33428366.
Rationale for Bone Health Optimization in Patients Undergoing Orthopaedic Surgery.
Anderson PA, Dimar JR, Lane JM, Lehman RA Jr. Instr Course Lect. 2021;70:355-366.
PMID: 33438921

A narrative review of the last decade’s literature on the diagnostic accuracy of septic arthritis of the native joint.
Turner EHG, Lang MDH, Spiker AM. J Exp Orthop. 2021 Jan 9;8(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s40634-020-00315-w.
PMID: 33423115.
Exosome-educated macrophages and exosomes differentially improve ligament healing.
Chamberlain CS, Kink JA, Wildenauer LA, McCaughey M, Henry K, Spiker AM, Halanski MA, Hematti P, Vanderby R. Stem Cells. 2021 Jan;39(1):55-61. doi: 10.1002/stem.3291. Epub 2020 Nov 3. PMID: 33141458.

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Medical Disqualification Following Concussion in Collegiate Student-Athletes: Findings from the CARE Consortium.
Schmidt JD, Rawlins MLW, Lynall RC, D’Lauro C, Clugston JR, McAllister TW, McCrea M, Broglio SP; CARE Consortium Investigators. Sports Med. 2020 Oct;50(10):1843-1855. doi: 10.1007/s40279-020-01302-y.
PMID: 32557231.

Questions and Answers in Pain Medicine: A guide to Board Exams
Michael Suer, Nalini Sehgal
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The Long-Term Efficacy of Radiofrequency Ablation With and Without Steroid Injection.
Abd-Elsayed A, Loebertman M, Huynh P, Urits I, Viswanath O, Sehgal N. Psychopharmacol Bull. 2020 Oct 15;50(4 Suppl 1):11-16.
PMID: 33633413; PMCID: PMC7901125.

Impact of in-season injury on quality of life and sleep duration in female youth volleyball athletes: a prospective study of 2073 players.
Watson A, Biese K, Kliethermes SA, Post E, Brooks MA, Lang PJ, Bell DR, Haraldsdottir K, McGuine T. Br J Sports Med. 2021 Feb 24:bjsports-2020-103331. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-103331. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33627336.

Is There a Connection Between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Osteochondritis Dissecans?
Dale KM, Livermore A, Hanna R, Laham S, Noonan KJ, Haleanski M, Long PJ. Iowa Orthop J. 2020;40(1):105-109. Erratum in: Iowa Orthop J. 2020;40(2):ii.
PMID: 32742216.

Early Bony Hip Reconstructive Surgery for Hip Subluxation in Children With Severe Cerebral Palsy.
Bean BK, Baird GO, Caskey PM, Bronson WB, McMulkin ML, Tompkins BJ. Orthopedics. 2020 Dec 14:1-7. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20201210-06. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33316823.

The single portal percutaneous epiphysiodesis technique for treatment of leg length inequality stops growth as expected.
Elizondo T, Tompkins B, Bronson W, Caskey P, McMulkin M, Baird G. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2020 Nov 27. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000829. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33252538.

Cervical Kyphosis in Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A Case Report.
Bernatz JT, Anderson PA, Halanski MA. JBJS Case Connect. 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):e1900341. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.CC.19.00341.
PMID: 32649147.

A Primer on Running for the Orthopaedic Surgeon.
Spiker AM, Johnson KB, Cosgarea AJ, Ficke JR. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2020 Jun 15;28(12):481-490. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00815.
PMID: 31613816.

Growth-friendly Spinal Instrumentation in Marfan Syndrome Achieves Sustained Gains in Thoracic Height Amidst High Rates of Implant Failure.
Bellaire LL, Zhang C, Smith JT, Heflin JA, Klatt J, Roye D, Sponseller P, Samdani A, Fedorak GT; Pediatric Spine Study Group. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Dec 24;Publish Ahead of Print. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001730. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33370003.

Exercise program reduces inter-recti distance in female runners up to two years postpartum.
Deering R, Chumanov ES, Stiffler-Joachim MR, Heiderscheit BC. J Women Health Phys Ther 44:9-18, 2020.

Epidemiology of Injuries Sustained in Boys’ High School Contact and Collision Sports, 2008-2009 Through 2012-2013.
Hammer E, Brooks MA, Hetzel S, Arakkal A, Comstock RD. Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Feb 25;8(2):2325967120903699. doi: 10.1177/2325967120903699.
PMID: 32133385.

The Impact of Author Financial Conflicts on Robotic-Assisted Joint Arthroplasty Research. J Arthroplasty.
DeFrance MJ, Yayac MF, Courtney PM, Squire MW. 2020 Oct 26:S0883-5403(20)31131-1. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2020.10.033. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33199093.

The Effect of an Orthopaedic Surgeon’s Attire on Patient Perceptions of Surgeon Traits and Identity: A Cross-Sectional Survey.
Goldstein SD, Klosterman EL, Hetzel SJ, Grogan BF, Williams KL, Guiao R, Spiker AM. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2020 Aug;4(8):e2000097-11. doi: 10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-20-00097.
PMID: 32769708

Nontraumatic Exertional Fatalities in Football Players, Part 1: Response.
Anderson SA, Fine KM, Breit I, Spencer TA, Lentz W, Boden BP.
Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Dec 29;8(12):2325967120980401. doi: 10.1177/2325967120980401. eCollection 2020 Dec.
PMID: 33447624

Trending diversity: Reviewing four-decades of graduating fellows and the current leadership in pediatric surgery.
Esparaz JR, Russell RT, Beierle EA, Martin CA, Anderson SA, Rogers DA, Mortellaro VE, Chen MK. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Dec 25:S0022-3468(20)30936-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.12.014. Online ahead of print.
PMID: 33422326

Colored Pain Drawing as a Clinical Tool in Differentiating Neuropathic Pain from Non-Neuropathic Pain.
Sehgal N, Gordon DB, Hetzel S, Backonja MM. Pain Med. 2020 Nov 16:pnaa375. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnaa375. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33200188.

Neuraxial Anesthesia Is Associated With Decreased Pain Scores and Post-Anesthesia Care Unit Opioid Requirement Compared With General Anesthesia in Hip Arthroscopy.
Turner EHG, Whalen CJ, Beilfuss MA, Hetzel SJ, Schroeder KM, Spiker AM. Arthroscopy. 2021 Jan;37(1):139-146. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2020.08.032. Epub 2020 Nov 18.
PMID: 33220466.

Sports Physical Therapy Education in the United States: Where Do We Go from Here? A Survey of American Academy of Sports Physical Therapy Members.
Mulligan EP, Rauh MJ, Heiderscheit B, Jenkins WL. J Allied Health. 2020 Summer;49(2):e79-e87. PMID: 32469379.

From Childbirth to the Starting Blocks: Are We Providing the Best Care to Our Postpartum Athletes?
Deering RE, Christopher SM, Heiderscheit BC. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2020 Jun;50(6):281-284. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2020.0607.
PMID: 32476582.

Intra-session and inter-rater reliability of spatial frequency analysis methods in skeletal muscle.
Crawford SK, Lee KS, Bashford GR, Heiderscheit BC. PLoS One. 2020 Jul 10;15(7):e0235924. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0235924.
PMID: 32649705; PMCID: PMC7351217.

Athletes with a concussion history in the last two years have impairments in dynamic balance performance.
Johnston W, Heiderscheit B, Sanfilippo J, Brooks MA, Caulfield B. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2020 Aug;30(8):1497-1505. doi: 10.1111/sms.13691. Epub 2020 May 11. PMID: 32311175.

Concussion Recovery Evaluation Using the Inertial Sensor Instrumented Y Balance Test.
Johnston W, Heiderscheit B, Coughlan G, McLoughlin R, Liston M, Brooks MA, Caulfield B. J Neurotrauma. 2020 Dec 1;37(23):2549-2557. doi: 10.1089/neu.2020.7040. Epub 2020 Jul 8.
PMID: 32394801.

Construct Validity and Responsiveness of the University of Wisconsin Running Injury and Recovery Index.
Nelson EO, Kliethermes S, Heiderscheit B. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2020 Dec;50(12):702-710. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2020.9698. Epub 2020 Oct 28. PMID: 33115339.

Factors Influencing Base of Gait During Running: Consideration of Sex, Speed, Kinematics, and Anthropometrics.
Stiffler-Joachim MR, Wille C, Kliethermes S, Heiderscheit B. J Athl Train. 2020 Dec 1;55(12):1300-1306. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-565-19.
PMID: 33064810; PMCID: PMC7740069.

Youth running consensus statement: minimising risk of injury and illness in youth runners.
Krabak BJ, Roberts WO, Tenforde AS, Ackerman KE, Adami PE, Baggish AL, Barrack M, Cianca J, Davis I, D’Hemecourt P, Fredericson M, Goldman JT, Harrast MA, Heiderscheit BC, Hollander K, Kraus E, Luke A, Miller E, Moyer M, Rauh MJ, Toresdahl BG, Wasfy MM. Br J Sports Med. 2020 Oct 29:bjsports-2020-102518. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102518. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33122252.

Effect of Repetitive Administration of a Next-generation Sensory Organization Test in Adults With and Without Vestibular Dysfunction.
Grove CR, Whitney SL, Hetzel SJ, Heiderscheit BC, Pyle GM. Otol Neurotol. 2020 Nov 6. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002950. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33165160.

Physical Therapist Management of Anterior Knee Pain.
McClinton SM, Cobian DG, Heiderscheit BC. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2020 Dec;13(6):776-787. doi: 10.1007/s12178-020-09678-0. Epub 2020 Oct 30.
PMID: 33128200; PMCID: PMC7661565.

Lower Extremity Kinematic and Kinetic Asymmetries during Running.
Stiffler-Joachim MR, Lukes DH, Kliethermes SA, Heiderscheit BC. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Nov 3. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002558. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33148971.

Validation of a next-generation sensory organization test in adults with and without vestibular dysfunction.
Grove CR, Whitney SL, Hetzel SJ, Heiderscheit BC, Mark Pyle G. J Vestib Res. 2020 Dec 2. doi: 10.3233/VES-200040. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33325418.

Stepped Exercise Program for Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis : A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Allen KD, Woolson S, Hoenig HM, Bongiorni D, Byrd J, Caves K, Hall KS, Heiderscheit B, Hodges NJ, Huffman KM, Morey MC, Ramasunder S, Severson H, Van Houtven C, Abbate LM, Coffman CJ. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Dec 29. doi: 10.7326/M20-4447. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33370174.

The Gait Disorientation Test: A New Method for Screening Adults With Dizziness and Imbalance.
Grove CR, Heiderscheit BC, Pyle GM, Loyd BJ, Whitney SL. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Dec 15:S0003-9993(20)31318-6. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2020.11.010. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33338462.